Man may be known to use race horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences uncover that as early as 4500 BC, the nomadic individuals of Central Asia has already developed techniques of horse racing. In fact, the Greeks are known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.
Both the chariot horse racing and also the mounted horse racing were popular during these ages. These later became an obsession among Romans when they have adopted the sport.
For thousand of years that followed, this type of sports was considered to be performed only for the noble men and royalties.
Modern racing is believed to have started in the 12th hundred years when the first reproduction between Arabian as well as English horses were made. They were sparred by the return of the noble knights to the mother land after the Crusades. These are known to have produced sturdy horses with superb speed. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse as well as put all of them into tracks. This breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of today which is still typically the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.
King Charles II had been known to have held horse races in his private courses during 1660 to 1685.
By the 16th century, the English had been known to produce a quantity of racecourses. Queen Anne who started the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.
Halfway in 1700ï¿½s, the Jockey Club was made through the initiation of the elite figures involved in horse racing. This particular business was the very first legion of jockeys that established the actual comprehensive rules and regulations including the standards as covered by the sports activities. Thus, they became the overseers of the sports as well as sanctioned horse racing occasions.
The Jockey Club was also the initiator for the regulation of breeding among horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the publication of the General Stud Book, that was essentially, the basis of authority in terms of the breeds that may be put to competition. Based on the General Stud Book, only those pedigrees that have descended from the line of the “foundations sires” are believed as Thoroughbreds. The building blocks sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian and Godolphin Arabian.
Only in 17th century did the sport arrive in America for which the initial racetrack was seen in the Long Island. While it has become a favorite activity among Americans, no one initiated the actual formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Because of the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, and widespread betting on horse races, the activity grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are known to be on regular operation in the country.
Due to the lack of a governing body, this activity had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most prominent and high-ranking stable owners met as well as organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the actual Jockey Club in England.
These days the sport has reached various countries around the world. Governing bodies were also formed to regulate the horse racing events.